Three things I learn after fighting with Google PageSpeed

2018-12-14 · 11 min read

Recently, I have a chance to maintain a landing page, which has a new design, but with loading performance issue and conversion drops a lot compared to the old page.

What I learn is these:

  1. Optimize images (compress / lazy load)
  2. Optimize CSS/JS loading (critical path rendering)
  3. Code splitting

1. Optimize images

Image is the easiest thing to fix and is the primary factor of loading speed. It is important to use image compression like TinyJPG to compress images, minimize the page size and set image to progressive one.

To make image become progressive image, you can try this if you have Imagemagick on your computer:

for i in ./*.jpg; do convert -strip -interlace Plane $i $i; done

Moreover, it is necessary to use lazy load to prevent loading unneeded image, which is out of screen.


2. Optimize CSS/JS loading

CSS

Pagespeed has a rule called "Optimize CSS Delivery", that means anything which does not included in first render (i.e. out of screen), it is blocking render speed.

To defer loading of out-of-screen CSS, we can use snippet by Google and put it at the end of body tag:

<noscript id="deferred-styles">
      <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="<your-css-file>.css"/>
    </noscript>
    <script>
      var loadDeferredStyles = function() {
        var addStylesNode = document.getElementById("deferred-styles");
        var replacement = document.createElement("div");
        replacement.innerHTML = addStylesNode.textContent;
        document.body.appendChild(replacement)
        addStylesNode.parentElement.removeChild(addStylesNode);
      };
      var raf = window.requestAnimationFrame || window.mozRequestAnimationFrame ||
          window.webkitRequestAnimationFrame || window.msRequestAnimationFrame;
      if (raf) raf(function() { window.setTimeout(loadDeferredStyles, 0); });
      else window.addEventListener('load', loadDeferredStyles);
</script>

Moreover, we need to put critical CSS (i.e. in viewport) inline and inside <head>. For example:

<head>
    <style>
      .blue{color:blue;}
    </style>
</head>

JavaScript

For JS, you can try to put defer, async or asynchronously inject script into webpage like this:

const script = document.createElement('script');
script.src = "//example.com/widget.js";
document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(script);

For out-of-screen function, you can set the property to "defer" and put it at the end of body, which means it will load after whole page is rendered. For example:


<!--preload js for important func-->
<link rel="preload" href="script.js" as="script"> 

<!--load after rendered-->
<script src="script.js" defer></script>

<!--will load asynchronously-->
<script src="script.js" async></script>

There are some tools which can help you to automatically add inline CSS, like gulp-inline-source for gulp or critters for webpack.


3. Code Splitting

If the script is not critical and harm your functionality in screen (like fixed menu), you can split them into few files and load them when needed. For webpack or React, you can use the "Code Splitting" function in webpack.

For React, it is even easier to use the new lazy or react-loadable.

Remember to delete or trim unnecessary codes inside your page and serve minimized version to users!

Result

alt="Final Result in PageSpeed"

That page finally get nearly 80 on mobile and nearly perfect in desktop version. It is not very perfect, as mobile's score is definitely have room of improvement.

Do you have any thoughts on this? Welcome to let me know your insights! :)



Written by Yuki Cheung

Hey there, I am Yuki! I'm a front-end software engineer who's passionate about both coding and gaming.

When I'm not crafting code, you'll often find me immersed in the worlds of Fire Emblem and The Legend of Zelda—those series are my absolute favorites! Lately, I've been delving into the fascinating realm of AI-related topics too.